Republic of Congo Population and Language

Congo-Brazzaville is a sparsely populated country. Most live in cities in the south, while large areas in the north are uninhabited. Declining mortality rates and increased birth rates make population growth high. Nearly 60 percent of residents are younger than 25 years. The life expectancy is 59 years.

Congo Population Forecast

More than six out of ten Congolese live in cities, which is a larger proportion than in most of the neighboring countries. The reason is that the city of Brazzaville was the central city of the French colony of Equatorial Africa and that an extensive government administration was built there.

  • COUNTRYAAH.COM: Key populations estimated size and data of Republic of the Congo, including population density of how many people per square mile. Also included are facts for population and language.

The cities have continued to develop, but not the countryside and agriculture, which has led many to apply to the cities. During the civil war of 1997-2000, people also fled the countryside and sought shelter in urban areas.

Congo-Brazzaville houses over 50 different groups of people, all of whom are Bantu people with the exception of 15,000 aka and gundy pygmies in the far north. About half the population consists of groups that speak kikongo and live in the south. About one-fifth of the residents belong to the denomination people who live in the central parts and in the north. In the north there are groups such as sanga, kourou, kuyu and mbochi. There is also a minority of Lebanese who dominate trade, as well as a few thousand Europeans, mainly of French origin.

Ethnic contradictions exist between the peoples of the north and the south, which are reinforced by the fact that the political parties are structured according to geographical or ethnic affiliation.

In 2014, some 400,000–600,000 immigrants from neighboring Congo-Kinshsa were estimated to live in the country. That year, about 180,000 of these were forced back to their homeland in a police operation involving violence. Many immigrants hide from the fear of expulsion.

In the summer of 2017, there were also more than 30,000 people who fled the fighting in the Central African Republic. In the country there is also a group of Rwandan hutus, many of whom fled to Congo-Brazzaville after the 1994 Rwanda genocide. The group consisted of just under 10,000 people in the spring of 2018 (including relatives born in exile), who live in great uncertainty since losing their refugee status. at year-end 2017/2018.

More than 60 languages ​​are spoken in Congo-Brazzaville. French is the official language. Lingala, Swahili, tshiluba and kikongo – all bantu languages ​​- function as national languages ​​and are used when people from different language groups speak to each other. Kikongo is the biggest.



Congo countries about 50%, mean about 20% 1

Number of residents

5,260,750 (2017)

Number of residents per square kilometer

15 (2017)

Percentage of residents in the cities

66.5 percent (2017)

Nativity / birth

34.6 per 1000 residents (2016)

Mortality / mortality

7.3 per 1000 residents (2016)


2.6 percent (2017)

fertility rate

4.7 number of births per woman (2016)

Percentage of women

50.0 percent (2017)

Life expectancy

65 years (2016)

Life expectancy for women

66 years (2016)

Life expectancy for men

63 years (2016)


French is the official language, about 60 native languages ​​(the largest is Kikongo)

  1. in addition to a number of minoritysources



Congolese soldiers are released from captivity

Congo-Brazzaville accuses Angolan troops of crossing the border from the Angolan Cabinda province in search of separatists and in doing so has captured 50 Congolese soldiers. Angola denies border violation and says the Congolese have made their way into Cabinda. After negotiations, the Congolese are released.


Soldiers are charged with explosion

Twenty-three soldiers are charged with the large explosion in an armory in March 2012. The soldiers are charged with arson and for endangering state security. They are sentenced in September to 15 years in prison.

Republic of Congo Population and Language

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