Mozambique Overview

Mozambique is located in southeastern Africa and borders Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. After almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony, Mozambique became independent in 1975.

Capital: Maputo
Biggest city: Maputo
State: republic
Language: Portuguese
Religion: Catholicism, Islam, indigenous cultures
Surface: 801 590 km²
Population: 24.3 million (2013)
Population density: 27 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 41 years
Illiteracy: 52%
Currency: metical (MZN)
1 metical = 0.14 kr
GDP per capita: $ 1,000 (2010)
Time difference: +1 hour
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: June 25
Country area code: 258
2-Letter country abbreviation: MZ (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: agriculture 85%, service sector 8%, industry 7%
Climate: mainly tropical, with rainy season from December to March

Mozambique flag

This was due, among other things, to a left-wing military coup in Portugal, and a long guerrilla war in Mozambique led by the Marxist-Leninist guerrilla Frelimo and its chairman Samora Machel. A large emigration of the white population, an economic dependence on South Africa, a long drought and a long civil war fueled by the apartheid regime in South Africa, hindered the country’s development. The ruling party Frelimo formally abandoned Marxism in 1989. With the help of the UN, a peace agreement was negotiated with the rebels in the civil war in 1992 and multi-party elections were held in 1994, but the possibilities for the opposition are limited. In 1999 and 2000, major floods occurred, which damaged economic development.

At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world. The situation was exacerbated by the brutal civil war of 1977-1992. In 1987, some major economic reforms were made in order to stabilize the economy. With help from abroad and greater political stability since 1994, economic growth has increased. Inflation was below 10 per cent in the late 1990s, but again reached double digits in 2000-2002. Mozambique is still dependent on foreign economic aid and the majority of the population is very poor. The largest part of the labor force is employed in agriculture.

Some of Mozambique’s environmental problems are water pollution, elephant poaching for ivory and the large influx of people into the cities creates various problems with rubbish and sewage.


The following objects in Mozambique are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Ilha de Moçambique, the island with the fortified city of Mozambique (1991)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Mozambique

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, F, M

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Maputo

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 27 28 27 27 25 24 23 23 23 24 25 26
Day °C 30 30 29 28 27 24 24 25 26 26 28 29
Night °C 21 22 21 19 16 13 13 15 16 17 19 21
Rain (mm) 120 120 90 40 30 20 20 20 30 40 110 70
Rainy days 12 10 9 6 3 3 3 3 5 9 10 10
Soltim / day 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 8

Mozambique 2


Beira is Mozambique’s third largest city, with 436,240 residents (2007). Beira is located where the Púnguè River empties into the Mozambique Channel, which is part of the Indian Ocean. The city is an important port city, of great importance for trade with, among others, Zimbabwe.


According to Countryaah, Maputo is the capital of Mozambique, and has 1 million residents (2007). The metropolitan area has 1.7 million residents (2007). Maputo is located in the southernmost part of the country, and the economy is completely dependent on the city’s port. The largest exports are coal, cotton, sugar and chromite.

You may also like...