Bloemfontein, South Africa
Bloemfontein is a city of the Republic of South Africa, capital of the province of the Free State and judicial capital of the country, whose name in Afrikaans means “Fountain of Flowers”, is located in the center of South Africa, therefore it constitutes an important communications hub.
According to Health-beauty-guides, Bloemfontein was founded by Major Henry Warden in 1846, when the English were looking for a military location to consolidate their dominance over the Boers. In 1854, the city was ceded to them, who made it the capital of the Orange Free State. When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, the Free State became a province and Bloemfontein became the judicial capital of the country, the seat of the supreme court. As the capital of the Republic of the Orange Free State the growth and maturation of the Republic generated the growth of the city. Numerous public buildings were built that remain in use to date, this was largely facilitated by the excellent form of government of the Republic (which acquired the republican periodicity model and the compensation of the British for the loss of the Griqualandia area, rich in diamond. Among its most important historical buildings is the old Raadsaal, where the Orange Free State Council met. A railway line was built in 1890 linking Cape Town and Bloemfontein. The On March 13 of 1900, during the Anglo-Boer War, British forces captured the city and built a concentration camp near to house Boer women and children. The National Women’s Memorial on the outskirts of the city, honors the 45,000 women and children (including more than 17,000 black people) who died in these fields. It is reputed to be a quiet and pleasant city, with well-preserved buildings from the centuries. XIX and XX and full of beautiful gardens. Its museums include the Oliewenhuis Art Gallery, the National Museum and the National Afrikaans Literary Museum. Other buildings are the Court of Appeal, the First Raadsaal (First Parliament) and the Fourth Raadsaal (Fourth Parliament), the latter considered one of the most beautiful in the entire country. Some streets are also interesting, such as President Brand, with buildings made of sandstone. Besides being an important railway junction, it has an international airport. His university’s medical school is highly regarded, even outside of South Africa, with patients from all over the world attending its reputable hospitals.
Bloemfontein is dominated by the local steppe climate. There is not much precipitation in Bloemfontein throughout the year. The climate here is classified as BSk by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average annual temperature in Bloemfontein is 16.1 ° C. In a year, the average rainfall is 548 mm. The driest month is June, with 9 mm. In February, the precipitation reaches its peak, with an average of 86 mm. The hottest month of the year with an average of 22.7 ° C in January. At 8.3 ° C on average, July is the coldest month of the year.
The primary education is recognized in about 48 schools, the most famous and prestigious Gray College Primary School is. The high school, commonly called high school, is integrated into approximately 30 institutes, including St. Andrew’s School, Gray College Secondary School, Eunice High School, Castle Bridge School, Bloemfontein High School, and the private institute of Calvinist religion, CVO Skool Dankbaar in Bain’s Vlei. Higher education is made up of public and private.
The Municipality, is one of the impressive buildings of stone sandstone designed by Sir Gordon Leith.Old Presidency and Twin Spire Church are also fascinating buildings, and the National Museum houses one of the largest collections of fossils numerous prominent places of interest Sudáfrica.Otros Historic sites include the National Women’s Monument and Museum of the Anglo-Boer War (South African War), the Free State Agricultural Museum, Hertzog Square, the New Clare suburb and the Dam of Tears. The museum Oliewenhuis Art Gallery, is an attractive Cape Dutch-inspired gallery filled with creative treasures and significant works of art. There is also the Motheo Art Route and the Mangaung Cultural Route. The Basotho have a proud and tenacious history, and one of the historical highlights of a trip to the Free State is a visit to the Basotho cultural village in QwaQwa, near the Golden Gate Highlands National Park.