We Know the Mediterranean

The Mare Nostrum, named by Romans in their imperial era, from classical latin, the “sea our”… As today is still, our sea, the most important sea that bathes the greater part of the Iberian peninsula and with which we are so identified and proud, by the wealth of marine life which houses its waters.

The great Mediterranean, mostly closed, covers an area of about 2.510.000 km2. With a length from East to West of 3,860 km and a maximum width of 1,600 km. In general little deep 1,370 m media, the Mediterranean reaches a maximum depth of 5,121 m off the South coast of Greece. Thanks to the temperature of its waters, between 21 and 30 ° in summer, between 10 and 15 ° in winter, temperature increases of West to East, this contain many marine species from majestic whales, passing by beautiful specimens of crustaceans, molluscs, cephalopods, algae, sponges and fish, of which latter we will see the most valued and sought by divers in its different modalities. that will make us to plunge fully into a real adventure to find these magnificent marine inhabitants in Commit4Fitness:

Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus):

Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus)

Size: Maximum 1.5 m and 70 kg
Depth: 20 m/FRY-2-3m

Habitat and data: Robust body of variable coloration. Normally dark brown marbled of yellow and white, with the belly more clear. Edged in white or light blue fins. Coastal and sedentary species in rocky areas. You are found in rocks and underwater caves visors. Also in meadows of posidonia. It stays long in one place. Hunting on the prowl. Octopus eats crustaceans and fish small, at dawn or at dusk. Fingerlings living at shallower depths and very close to the coast. Reproduction in summer.Areas of Rocky walls.

Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax):

Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

Size: 1 Max m. and 7 kilos
Depth: Few meters from the surface, between five and two

Habitat and data: Coloring grey lead plated belly with a dark spot near the operculum. The spine presents hints. Fusiform body and a swimmer is very fast. It is a semi-pelagic fish. You can reach the coast in search of food. He is also seen in rivers and brackish water. Almost always there is nothing near the surface, and nothing with banks of sea bream. Along with surface rocks and jetties. It tends to move in small groups. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and fish. Breeds from January to March.It has a great gastronomic interest. In areas close to rocks between two waters. Limited by being active commercial and sport fishing.

Meagre (Argyrosomus regius):

Meagre (Argyrosomus regius)

Size: maximum 2 m and 50 kg.
Depth: It reaches 200 meters funds.

Habitat and data: The snout is rounded and inside the mouth is yellowish to being slightly displaced downward which makes it unmistakable. Their teeth are rather small and arranged in sharp form in several lines. Its fins have a true reddish brown color feature being its tail which ends in mild form that straight. All together its silhouette is very characteristic and unmistakable.The corvina is a wandering fish who like to wander in banks typically few individuals. Their diet is carnivorous and usually find your food overnight in shallow waters, approaching on occasions the coast when waves move the sandy bottoms, in mud or meadows of seagrass that leave exposed crustaceans, molluscs, annelids as well as small fish. You can also find them are chasing banks until the surface fish such as sardines, herring, etc that feeds voraciously.

Conger eel (Conger conger):

Conger eel (Conger conger)

Size: 3 Max m. and 40 kilos.

Depth: 1 to 200 m.

Habitat and data: It is cylindrical, a snake-like body. The skin is gray smooth and scaleless. It has no ventral fins and pectoral fins are reduced. The head is flat with a conical snout. The jaws are strong with sharp teeth. Always in rocky areas near meadows of Posidonia and algae. Sometimes in the sand close to the rocks, although moving at night. It hides in cracks in rocks. Only leave to see his large jaws and their beards. It is a solitary predator of nocturnal habits. It feeds on fish, crustaceans and molluscs. Hunting on the prowl. The bite is not venomous.

Dentex (Dentex Dentex):

Dentex (Dentex Dentex)

Size: 1 Max m. and 10 kilos.
Depth: It lives from the coast up to 200 meters in depth.

Habitat and data: It has a greenish background color in young and somewhat reddish in adults, has a few bright bluish spots and sometimes presents a transverse dark banded. His name has very large, hence teeth. The largest possess a cephalic bulge that gives them a strange look. She lives on rock or sand bottoms… Its funds are Rocky and steep, high rocks and steep slopes. He prefers to hide behind the irregularities of the rocks, from where carried out their fierce attacks and fulminant. It is extremely suspicious, and with age enhances its distrust so should avoid places of transit of vessels and search sites quiet and without noise. Its diet is varied as a predator, likes squid.

Morraja or sea bream (Diplodus sargus):

Morraja or sea bream (Diplodus sargus)

Size: 45 cm maximum and 3 kilos.
Depth: 2 to 80 m.

Habitat and data: Colour silver with five vertical black stripes of great width. Elongated snout and small mouth. It is found in Rocky and meadows. Close to stones of alluvial deposits funds. Nearing the breakers of jetties at shallow depth. Adults prefer deep water. It is the largest of the sea bream. It tends to go in pairs or in small groups. Adults are solitary. It is the least abundant of the Sparid. It’s a fish onnivoro. Gets the food starting with the jaws and lips. The very young swim in pairs. They have sharper bands.

Barracuda (Sphyraena sphyraena):

Barracuda (Sphyraena sphyraena)

Maximum size: 180 cm and 10-15 pounds.
Depth: From 1 to 20 m.

Habitat and data: Body elongated spindle-shaped. Hydrodynamic profile of good swimmer. It is gray lead with dark transverse bands reaching the sideline. In groups of about 15 specimens near rocky areas, even next to the shore. It remains near schools of smaller fish, you basically Bogue. The adult swim on surface in areas of greater depth. It is little. Silver-colored belly. It feeds on smaller fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. It breeds in summer. Juveniles and young people swim in banks.Adults alone. All along the coastline. In banks along coastal rocks. Big banks at end of summer.

Bream (Sparus aurata)

Bream (Sparus aurata)

Size: 60 cm maximum and 6 kilos.
Depth: From 1 to 20 m.

Habitat and data: It has a high and compact body. It is often known by a yellow band on the front of the head and between the eyes. Their backs are silvery-grey, the flanks greyish yellow with a golden reflex, also presents a dark blotch at the height of the Gill opening. He has an extraordinary ability to withstand wide variations in salinity. It is easy to confuse with other sea bream. Usually inhabiting coastal waters with sandy bottoms and reef areas, it is frequently also found in brackish water.Unable to locate easily the areas of habitat by the presence of large number of droppings that are in the vegetation of the area at low tide, are very typical, white and with abundant remains of crushed shells, indicating your diet rich in molluscs.

Fish lemon or milk (Seriola dumerili)

Fish lemon or milk (Seriola dumerili)

Size: 2 Max m. and 10 kilos.
Depth: Up to 70 meters.

Habitat and data: Long body and flattened laterally; gently curved profile; Morro rounded, jaws will extend up to half the eye.Two dorsal fins, very small scales much smaller than the latter first. The anal fin is short but similar to the second dorsal fin.Deeply forked caudal fin. Blue back silver or grey; lighter flanks and silvery underside. The flanks have a golden iridescence and young fish have yellow eye. Diffuse dark stripe from the shoulder to the eye. Young fish are yellow with black stripes. They form small groups that tend to gather in larger banks low rocky areas, peaks or seamounts, etc… It is not at all uncommon to find specimens solitary. They feed on fish, squid, cuttlefish, etc…

Pomfret (Lichia Amia)

Pomfret (Lichia Amia)

Size: maximum 2 m and 50 kg.
Depth: Up to 70 meters.

Habitat and data: Presents a body specially designed for swimming, has a huge tail fin, in typical half-moon of the pelagic, has a dorsal and anal fins virtually identical very developed, which serve rudder in its explosive swimming, long body and compressed laterally, head small, conical and tapered JAWS equipped with multitude of incisors. Color silver base, which becomes a greenish grey, white belly, dark fins on the back. This pelagic, although it is present throughout the year, becomes abundant in summer, which is close to the coast for preying, at varying depths, feeds on mackerel, bogas, castanolas and mackerel, as well as cephalopods that hunt in the limit of the stones and sand. It is a fish that usually live alone or in small groups, so that the image of big banks is quite difficult. In general, it is the second large predator, after the fish in lemon.

Octopus (Octopus Macropus)

Octopus (Octopus Macropus)

Size: 1’5 Max m. and 15 kilos
Depth: Up to 70 meters

Habitat and data: The Octopus is characterized by having a soft body with a well developed brain and eight arms, each of which has two rows of suction cups. As in vertebrates, two large and complex eye of Octopus have Crystal, that provide a sharp vision. These animals may change very quickly, the color and texture of your skin depending on its State. They spend much of their lives hiding, choosing natural hole between rocks or debris. When the Octopus emerges to feed themselves, generally of crustaceans and bivalve molluscs, it tends to attract his victims quickly moving the tip of one arm as if it were a worm. You can also approach slipping and rushed on the animal, plunging its beak inside the sheath or shell.