The Main Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases continue to be one of the main causes of death among the Portuguese population. To reverse the trend should be to understand the risk factors and avoid them.

Main Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases

The cardiovascular diseases occupy a prominent role, but for the worst of reasons, as they are the main cause of death and disability worldwide. Only in Portugal is responsible for about 40% of deaths registered.

Cardiovascular disease is understood as the set of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, such as Acute Myocardial Infarction (more commonly known as heart attack) or Cerebral Vascular Accident (STROKE).

These diseases are associated with a number of risk factors, which can be heredity, sex or even age. In addition to these, there are also consider the risk factors in the individual (such as certain behaviors, lifestyle, or medicines, for example) that can – also – contribute to the increased risk of suffer from this type of diseases.Although it is not always possible to predict or avoid, there are some cautions that you may have in your daily routine, just that you know the main causes (or risk factors) of cardiovascular disease and correct some of the behaviors.



According to the European Union is one of the most important, being associated with at least about 50% of causes of death preventable (such as atherosclerosis). But you can also have a direct effect on the risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases, since smoking tobacco not only increases the heart rate, as constricts the arteries (and can cause irregularities in the heartbeat) and increased blood pressure (increased risk of STROKE in people with hypertension).


More. In addition to the harmful effects of tobacco (which are cumulative), the risk of smokers suffer myocardial infarctions (for example) is directly proportional to the daily consumption of tobacco. Tobacco smoke can increase by 40% the risk of cardiovascular disease, namely, Angina pectoris, Myocardial Infarction, and Peripheral Artery Disease, or risk of stroke.




It is another of the causes associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. People with hypertension are more prone to suffer this type of problems, in particular of STROKE.




Come together because one can enhance the other. It is important that you have the notion that excess weight increases the risk of a stroke or the development of other cardiovascular disease (even if there are no other risk factors). Experts warn of – in particular – to the perils of call abdominal obesity (characterized by an excess of fat in the abdominal area), which can amplify the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.




Checks when the values of cholesterol in the blood are higher than those recommended, and may therefore increase the risk of cardiovascular problems.
However, be aware that there are two types of cholesterol: the said “bad cholesterol” (LDL cholesterol – Low Density Lipoproteins, which in excessive quantities and to circulate freely in the blood becomes harmful and accumulates in the vessel walls, arterial) and the “good cholesterol” (HDL cholesterol – High Density Lipoproteinsthat transport excess cholesterol from the wall of the blood vessels to the liver to be eliminated). Both the excess of “bad cholesterol”, such as the lack of “good cholesterol”may contribute to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.




Physical inactivity is also recognized as a risk factor and covers a large part of the population (of different ages). In addition to being able to be at the origin of cardiovascular diseases can still enhance other risk factors (cause) of these diseases, such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes or hypercholesterolemia (mentioned previously).




Are well known the benefits of a balanced diet and proper and now you can add one more. If you do a healthy diet is to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. And, as such, an unbalanced diet has the opposite effect. So start already today to reduce the excess salt, fats, alcohol and sugars, and include vegetables, vegetables and fresh fruits, for example, in your eating routine.




The last (but not least). The stress is part of current life and, as we know, can be very harmful to your health. Among its dangers are also cardiovascular diseases.


To avoid potential problems, it is essential that you do a screening, and medical diagnostics, to assess the risk of (eventually) suffer from a cardiovascular disease. The follow-up medical care can make all the difference and an early diagnosis can prevent the onset (or aggravation) of cardiovascular disease.