Aviator watches are classic, not only alone because, because they sure do their service for over one hundred years. No, rather it is the typical, classic features, which is why these watches up to today in the course. Mario Sommerfeld of the story of the pilot’s watch and its special characteristics.
U(h)rsächliches to the pilot’s watch
The first pilot’s watch was manufactured by the famous watch manufacturer Cartier according to Foodezine. In Paris since the middle of the nineteenth century-based jewelry and watchmaker Cartier received the order for the construction of a special watch, especially for pilots.
Client and friend was a certain Brazilian aviator named Alberto Santos Dumont («the Rio de Janeiro Airport bears his name, and he is regarded as» father of aviation «»), Scion of a wealthy coffee plantation owner and with 18 years millionaire. He studied chemistry, physics, astronomy and mechanics in Paris and met there including Louis Cartier. The first pilot’s watch from Cartier is named after him: Santos.
The background for the development of this watch was essentially banal. Santos Dumont namely noted in his Luftschifffahrten that reading a usual pocket watch was difficult during the steering of an airship. So he developed a watch suitable for aviation purposes, which was specifically tuned to the needs of the former pilots in 1904 together with his friend Louis-François Cartier.
Alberto Santos Dumont led on October 23, 1906 with its» 14-up «the world’s first certified flight (at the time) stunning 60 m by. In fact, he was the first pilot who took off from the ground under its own engine power. The Wright brothers used for your flight in 1903 a launch rail with catapult, while Dumont» 14-until “had a chassis with wheels. Of course needed any special technology for such routes, however an important function in the cockpit of the aircraft came to the pilot’s watches in the course of time, when they could fly long distances. Here, they have suddenly become necessary navigation instruments. The determination of the location is similar to the seafaring. A compass as a sextant is one of the necessary instruments, which were supplemented by an accurately detailed clock and still are. It was first called the watches observation or later Navigator watch. The flying personnel carried them over the Aviator outfit.
Typical characteristics of the pilot’s watch
There are typically optical characteristics that make up a pilot’s watch. Similarities with the instruments into the instrument panels of aircraft are unmistakable. The watch case generally have a large diameter, the dial is black and to achieve an optimum contrast at the numerals and indices, they are executed in white fluorescent. This makes the time even in the dark to read accurately. Also particularly large and grippy crowns are characteristic of the watches. This may seem a while perhaps not attractive; It was not for these types of clock, practical expediency enjoyed absolute priority.
Remember: to the old days, it was cold in the cockpit of the aircraft and the pilots were appropriately dressed. During the flight, the instruments had to be operated with gloves (and this included also the clock). This also fits that watches are equipped with long and particularly robust leather straps. The pilots were wearing their watches on their thick Aviator outfit. Therefore results the optical impression of the pilot’s watches today still negotiating: robust, rather unadorned and very masculine.
Abridged article from the magazine HIFI STARS – technology, musk, way of life.
The history of the wristwatch
Bear Watch: 10 style rules
What display watches: time and image
Watches-Smalltalk – lets talk about watches